Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, also known as ‘Mahamana’, was an Indian educationist and politician. He was known for his role in the Indian Independence Movement. He was the President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions.
Pandit Malviya completed his primary education at Pandit Hardeva’s Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala and later joined another school run by Vidha Vardini Sabha. After that he joined Allahabad Zila School where he started writing poems under the pen name Makarand which were published in journals and magazines. He completed his matriculation in 1879 from Muir Central College (now Allahabad University). He further completed his B.A. from University of Calcutta on a scholarship. Although he wanted to pursue M.A. in Sanskrit, he could not due to financial constraints and thus in July 1884 he started his career as a teacher in Allahabad District School.
Today he his most remembered as the founder of the Banaras Hindu University. Banaras Hindu University was established at Varanasi in 1916 under the Parliamentary legislation, ‘B.H.U. Act 1915’. Today also it remains a prominent institution of learning in India. Banaras Hindu University is the largest residential University in Asia and one of the largest in the world having over a large number of students across arts, sciences, engineering and technology. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was the Vice-chancellor of the University from 1919-38. In 1939, he left the Vice chancellorship of BHU and was succeeded by S.Radhakrishnan, who later became the President of India. Not only this, he was also one of the founders of Scouting in India and a highly influential English newspaper The Leader. He was also the chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924-1946 and his efforts resulted in the launch of its Hindi edition in 1936. He also did a lot of social and worked towards the eradication of caste barrier in temples and other social barriers
To mark his 150th birth anniversary (25th December 2011), the then Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced the setting up of a Centre for Malviya Studies at the Banaras Hindu University. Also, a UPA chairperson released a biography of Madan Mohan Malviya on the same day.