We live in the 21st century. We have come a long way from the traditional systems of education. New technologies in education are introduced but still the ‘fairer sex’ continues to be sidelined in some parts of the world or in some form. Discrimination on grounds of gender is experienced by girls around the globe. The reasons given for the same include restrictions on freedom, safety concerns for girls as girls faced more harassment and also parental preference for male child.
Females face sex discrimination in several ways. Girls are not given the opportunity to study and avail education in the modern world. A boy is educated right through even if the family is financially weak. A male child is treated as wealth whereas a female child is treated as liability to be married off in future. Also, cultural norms can also be cited as the reason for gender discrimination. E.g. a society suggests that the primary task of females is to look after the house and rear the children. Therefore females should pursue careers which allow them to stay more at home.
There are consequences of sex discrimination in education. Discrimination leads to widening of gender-gap. Due to this discrimination many females are not encouraged to continue education for long. They are asked to drop out of school early or are restricted from joining college. They have to endure the main responsibilities of domestic tasks because female participation in labour market is not encouraged. Even if females enter the labour market, they face discrimination at workplace. For the same number of hours and amount of work they are paid less than their male counterparts. Without education, she cannot voice her concerns or fight for herself or ensure financial stability.
Education can make a difference to a girl’s life. It can make her economically strong and also acts as a catalyst to her development. There is an old saying that intelligent family has an intelligent mother. So for a better world for all, it is necessary to empower females and remove gender disparities in education.