Child labor is one of the most common problems that Indian youth face. Due to abject penury and poverty they are forced to work in deplorable conditions in hotels, dhabas, brick kilns, cracker factories and sometimes in closed walls as house maids where often they are abused physically , mentally and emotionally. Since independence a considerable improvement has been observed in addressing this problem however, seems like child labor has manifested itself in these new times as “Child Abuse”.
According to 66th round of NSSO (2009-2010) survey, it was found that the number of child labor in India is 49,83,871 which has reduced from 2004-2005 which was 90,75,000. This means children have found better access to basic amenities and are no longer forced to work as paid laborers. In 5 years India has been able to reduce the number of child labor to nearly half. But still India falls in the extreme risk region if we go by this piece of image.
This situation can be attributed to a number of reasons. International Labor Organisation suggests a number of reasons behind child labor. The biggest of them being POVERTY, then maternal and paternal illiteracy, cheap labor and weak laws relating to child rights. We can also observe that child labor is the most common problem and primarily can be seen in developing countries. This means children all over the world are in danger. These unimpeachable creatures are forced to work in dingy conditions, and unable to fight for themselves, they grow up to be violent humans and often get indulged in bad company. Young children are the most vulnerable sections of the society. There is an utter need to halt the malpractices against children especially of age group 6-14 because they also deserve a bright future and India a bright human resource.