Sex Education in India : A Taboo?

This is the most contentious of issues discussed almost everyday, but still not embraced with open arms, because it is considered immoral to discuss about it in traditional society India. But we cannot deny the fact that times have changed, and might be it was really difficult back in pristine times, but now in new and modern times, Indian youth have changed and they have access to a medley of material and hence they are far more educated than their parents were when they were of the same age.

It will help in reducing the AIDS/HIV cases, the childhood pregnancies, and a will help children to come out of their inhibitions and rather than considering it as something to loathe about, they will learn to live with it as nature, and not feel embarassed. The purpose of sex education should be to facilitate the best possible integration between the physical, emotional and mental aspects of the personality, and the best possible assimilation between the individuals and the groups. Sex education also instils the essential information about conception, contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. It is a continuous process of developing attitudes, values and understanding regarding all situations and relationships in which people play roles as males or females.

sex education

The major objectives of Family Life/Sex Education (FLE) can be broadly described as follows: 1) To develop emotionally stable children and adolescents who feel sufficiently secure and adequate to make decisions regarding their conduct without being carried away by their emotions. 2) To provide sound knowledge not only of the physical aspects of sex behaviour but also its psychological and sociological aspects, so that sexual experience will be viewed as a part of the total personality of the individual. 3)To develop attitudes and standards of conduct which will ensure that young people and adults will determine their sexual and other behaviour by considering its long range effects on their own personal development, the good of other individuals, and welfare of society as a whole.

The problem of over-population also demands family life education, including family planning as a priority, as many of the young people are about to be married and should be aware of the responsibilities they have.Adolescence (10–19 years) is an age of opportunity for children marked with a time of transition from childhood to adulthood; wherein young people experience substantial changes in their physiology after puberty, but do not instantaneously imbibe the various associated roles, privileges and responsibilities of adulthood. This crucial period in the lives of young people presents prospect to promote their development and equip them with appropriate knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and skills to help them successfully navigate through various nuisance and vulnerabilities of life, and realize the full development potential.

Both parents and educators have essential roles in fostering sexual literacy and sexual health. We believe that parents should play the primary role in imparting to their children social, cultural and religious values regarding intimate and sexual relationships, whereas health and education professionals should play the primary role in providing information about sexuality and developing related social skills. Schools and health professionals should acknowledge and support the critical role of parents in sexual socialization. Parents, in turn, should support schools in providing sex education.

Sex education in schools should treat social and familial values respectfully and professionally. We believe it is appropriate for educators to explore different belief systems, through classroom discussions, in a sensitive and respectful way. Sex education should promote youth dialogue about sexual values with parents and in religious, cultural and social organizations, while providing the skills training and factual information that all adolescents need.


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