fact about india and its education.

India is a multilingual, multi-religion and multi-culture society with 28 States and 6 Union
Territories. It has 593 districts, 5470 sub-districts, 5161 towns and 6,38,588 villages. As per
Census of India, 2001 the total population of India is 10,027,015,247 with 531,277,078 males
and 495,738,169 females. The literacy rate of the country stands at 65.38%. The difference
between the male and female literacy rate comes to 21.69%. The multilingual nature of
Indian society poses various challenges before the education system of the country. Besides
India have 32 languages with numerous dialects. The Seventh All India School Education
Survey conducted by NCERT (2005) with data upto September 30, 2002 has assessed the
position of enrolment in schools. As per this survey India has 651381 primary schools,
245274 upper primary schools, 90761 secondary schools and 43951 higher secondary
schools. The growth of these four types of schools since 1993 is 14.19%, 50.66%, 38.43%
and 85.75% respectively. The total number of schools in India is 1031367, which has
registered 25.40% growth. Overall rural habitations having primary schools within them had
shown 23.68% growth from 1993 to September 30, 2002 the number of habitations being

653,076 in 2002. A large number of rural habitations i.e. 10,70,863 out of 12,31,391 had
primary schools within 2 km. (21.13% growth). The number of rural habitations with upper
primary schools was 227,146 (54.37% growth) and 961,899 (19.10%growth) and rural
habitations had primary schools within 3 km. The enrolment in various classes and the
growth rate since 1993 is given below:
Classes I to V 122397715 (growth rate 26.15%)
Classes VI to VIII 46845207 (growth rate 37.49%)
Classes IX & X 21795735 (growth rate 43.21%)
Classes XI & XII 9781856 (growth rate 78.99%)
Classes I to XII 200820513 (growth rate 32.31%)

The teacher-pupil ratio in primary, upper primary and secondary schools was found to be
42.01, 34.23 and 30.28% respectively.
The National Policy on Education (1986,1992) envisaged free and compulsory education to
all children in 6-14 age group. Through 86th amendment in the Constitution of India the Govt.
has made free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 a
fundamental right Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All) is a programme of Govt. of
India to provide education to all children including children with disabilities. Under this
programme new schools have been opened in school less habitations and the existing school
infrastructure has been improved by providing additional classrooms, toilets, drinking water,
maintenance grant and barrier free access. Additional teachers, organization of teacher
training programmes, intensive monitoring and special focus on education of children with
special needs made the programme more effective. Decentralized planning is one of the
specific features of this programme.


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