India is proudly claiming to be one of the fast developing countries. Education is booming with both private and public sector working towards it. The national education budget 2005-2012 is Rs. 99057 crores. The country has always been a hub of education since the ancient time with Takshashila recorded as the earliest centre for learning. It is an ongoing debate whether Takshashila was a university or not. Before Western education was established by the British Raj, the Nalanda University was the oldest known centre teaching in a university-system. The country has significantly increased its primary education attendance rate which has expanded the reach of literacy in a huge manner.
The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2012 states that 96.5% of all rural children aged between 6 to14 were enrolled in school and 83% of all rural children were enrolled in school. With a huge increase in the opening of degree granting engineering colleges and management institutions, the intake capacity has crossed 1.2 million for engineering colleges and 3850000 for management education. Other fields where intake capacity has increased are Computer science and pharmacy.
Every coin has two sides. Where the above mentioned information shows a developing trend in education, there are other facts which have been overlooked. Out 1027 million people in India, 350 million are illiterate. Judging by the size of the country, this is quite a sizeable chunk. 87% of people drop out by the XII standard. India has a poor student to teacher ratio with one teacher managing 71 students. How do we expect quality performance when one individual has to handle 71 odd hyper-active children? Over 50% of teachers teaching in school level are educated only up to secondary school level. There has been a shift in the employment trend recently which has caused many talented people to abandon the profession of teaching which has low remuneration to opt for other jobs having a higher payment.
The solution to these problems lies with the government because it is high time that the educational sector receives a drastic makeover and with people who would be selfless enough to get involved into this profession despite of its obvious lack.