The role of education as an agent or instrument of social change and social
development is widely recognized today. Social change may take place – when
humans need change. When the existing social system or network of social
institutions fails to meet the existing human needs and when new materials suggest
better ways of meeting human needs.
Education is seen as a major vector in society, but that it is largely allocated a
conservative role, since its main function is in the socialization of the young and the
maintenance of the social order. During times of rapid social change, such as the
second half of the 20th century, the role of education in the service of the nation is
emphasized. When things are going well, especially economically, more
experimentation with education is supported, and more idealistic goals are pursued,
such as equity of educational opportunity. It is in the ideological and moral spheres,
however, that education is most clearly expected to play a leading role. Social change
takes place as a response to many types of changes that take place in the social and
nonsocial environment. Education can initiate social changes by bringing about a
change in outlook and attitude of man. It can bring about a change in the pattern of
social relationships and thereby it may cause social changes.

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