Understanding the Indian Education System

Education is indispensable to the development of  human resource  and  empowerment of a nation by accelerating it’s growth. Higher education encompassing Management, Engineering, Medicines etc.,in any education system, plays as an essential role in imparting knowledge and developing skills of an individual and, in the process, increasing the growth and productivity of the nation.

Indian Education industry is a $90 billion opportunity. Government’s outlay is the 3rd largest on education after US and China. We have more than 2 lac recognized middle and senior basic schools and more than 6,50,000 primary and junior basic schools in India. This is an impressive scale indeed and eventual progress in the same would make India one of the most successful school ecosystems. India has also made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three quarters of the population. India’s improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India. The Indian Government is committed to providing primary education and certain facilities/subsidies for higher education, given the higher cost involved in the establishment of higher education institutes and much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has still been credited to various public institutions. According to current estimates, 80% of all schools are government schools making the government the major provider of education in India.

The Indian government lays emphasis on primary education up to the age of fourteen years, referred to as elementary education in India. The Indian government has also put a ban on child labor in order to ensure that children do not enter unsafe working conditions.However, both free education and the ban on child labor are difficult to be enforced due to economic disparity and social conditions of the nation. However, due to a shortage of resources and lack of political will, this system suffers from massive gaps including high pupil to teacher ratios, shortage of infrastructure and poor levels of teacher training. Due to this poor quality of public education, 27% of Indian children are privately educated. With more than 50% children enrolling in private schools in urban areas, the balance has slowly tilted towards private schooling in cities, even in rural areas, nearly 20% of the children in 2004-5 were enrolled in private schools. Private schools often provide superior results at a multiple of the unit cost of government schools. Women education is also on a major topic of discussion in India. Far fewer girls are enrolled in the schools, and many of them drop out. In the patriarchal setting of the Indian family, girls have lower status and fewer privileges than boy children. Conservative cultural attitudes prevents some girls from attending school.But concerted efforts led to improvement from 15.3% in 1961 to 28.5% in 1981. By 2001 literacy for women had exceeded 50% of the overall female population and Female literacy rate is 65.46% according to Census 2011 though these statistics are still very low compared to world standards and even male literacy within India.

As we know majority of the doctors and engineers are Indians that are working in different countries all over the world, so in order to maintain this and also improve the skills and talent of our future generations and large populace, there is a need to abstain Brain-drain and get away with the loopholes of our education system, improving its quality and standards.

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