Education Laws and Policies in India

Laws and policies related to the field of Education play an important role in the making of the better present and a bright future of any country. There is a framework for all what happens in the Education sector. There is something or the other for everyone and everything in Education.

Central Government of India has granted Deemed University status to a number of educational institutions. In this era of liberalization and global education, it is germane to attract, encourage and promote the private sector investment in the realm of Higher Education and lay the legislative pathway to establish and incorporate private self-financing Universities in India. And thus, Private Universities have played their role in being major milestones in the field of higher education in India. It has been observed that a Private University can be established by the concerned State in exercise of its sovereign powers which will necessarily be through a legislative enactment.

All non-school going children are child workers in one form or the other. Child labour policies and education policies are formulated and operated. Motivation and availability of infrastructure rather than poverty are the key factors. A number of policy initiatives and programs have been undertaken in this country over the last decade with the basic objective of dealing with the problem of the rapidly increasing number of child workers. The formulation of a new National Child Labour Policy, the enactment of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, the setting up of a Task Force on child labour, the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and so on have all formed a part of this process. Corresponding initiatives were taken in the related area of education where a New Education policy was formulated which incorporated a separate component for working children.

The issue of compulsory education has always been in the eyes of all. At the theoretical level, very few find fault with the concept that all children should receive education, at least up to the primary stage or with the fact that children should not work. In fact, the State has committed itself not only to universalization of primary education but also to the abolition of child labour through various pronouncements, no least of all the directive principles of State Policy, enshrined in the Constitution of India.

Sikshana’s programs show that significant increases in learning outcomes can be achieved in government schools if additional funds are properly targeted. We need more interventions of this kind. The schemes for girl child education have opened new doors for girls all over the country that were hitherto closed because of discrimination and poverty. Since the introduction of the central government’s Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan program, enrollment numbers in schools have gone up.

Such schemes, laws and policies are many more. What is important is that they come out to be effective and fruitful to all. Because, “Padhega India, tab hi to badhega India.”

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